Tag Archives: carbon emissions

Real Limits to Growth 2

What are the Real Limits to Growth?

Limits to Growth was published in 1972, and its assorted charts and graphs made remarkably real that, as the authors of that book put it at the time, “If the present growth trends in world population, industrialization, pollution, food production, and resource depletion continue unchanged, the limits to growth on this planet will be reached sometime within the next one hundred years. The most probable result will be a rather sudden and uncontrollable decline in both population and industrial capacity.”

The scenarios, which are called World3, showed how population growth and natural resource use interacted to impose limits to industrial growth, a novel and even controversial idea at the time.

 Though Limits to Growth was the biggest-selling environmental book of all time, with 30 million copies sold — it wasn’t enough to divert our trajectory. People convinced themselves the limits to growth were far enough away they’d be someone else’s problem.

Real Limits to Growth

In 1992, this was no longer true. On the 20th anniversary of the publication of Limits to Growth, the team updated its book called Beyond the Limits. Already in the 1990s there was compelling evidence that humanity was moving deeper into unsustainable territory. Beyond the Limit argued that in many areas we had “overshot” our limits, or expanded our demands on the planet’s resources and sinks beyond what could be sustained over time.

The new book proved to be accurate on many of the basic trend extrapolations: the gap between rich and poor has only grown wider in the past three decades. Thirty years ago, it seemed unimaginable that humanity could expand its numbers and economy so soon to alter the Earth’s natural systems.Real Limits to Growth

The most common criticisms of the original World3 model were that it underestimates the power of technology. But even with the most effective technologies and the greatest economic resilience that seems possible, this model generated scenarios of collapse because of a shortage of resources:

  • The most obvious limit on food production is land. Millions of acres of cultivated land are being degraded by processes such as soil erosion and salinization, while the cultivated area remains roughly constant.
  • Only one-fifth of the planet’s original forest cover remains in large tracts of undisturbed natural forests. Although forest cover in temperate areas is stable, tropical forest area is plummeting
  • Another limit to food production is water. Per capita water withdrawals are going down because of environmental problems, rising costs, or scarcity.
  • Another limit to growth is today’s world population of 7.2 billion. Can you believe 9 billion people predicted in 2050 , when it was only 4 billion people in 1974, the year of the first Skylab? How coincidental is the hockey stick graph of both population and carbon emissions.Real Limits to Growth
  • More than 80 percent of year 2000 commercial energy use comes from non- renewable fossil fuels—oil, natural gas, and coal. The underground stocks of fossil fuels are going continuously and inexorably down. The stock of reserves is finite and non-renewable; the peak for oil production will occur within the next decade.
  • If an eventual nine billion people on earth all consumed materials at the rate of the average American, world steel production would need to rise by a factor of five, copper by a factor of eight, and aluminum by a factor of nine.
Real Limits to Growth
Real Limits to Growth

From source to sink, the processing, fabricating, handling, and use of materials leaves a trail of pollution. Look at the prediction for pollution on the graph above: it is right off the chart beginning right now. Imagine the cost to bring this back to normal.

So it is predicted that  industrial output begins to decline around 2040 because the rising expense of protecting the population from starvation, pollution, erosion, and resource shortage cuts into the capital available for growth.

The fundamental problem arises because society’s implicit goals are to exploit nature, enrich the elites, and ignore the long term. As a result, society will develop technologies and markets that destroy the environment, widen the gap between rich and poor, and Real Limits to Growthoptimize for short-term gain. In short, society develops technologies and markets that hasten a collapse instead of preventing it. Continue reading Real Limits to Growth 2

FOREVER LEGACY OF CLIMATE CHANGE 2

DRASTIC INCREASES IN TEMPERATURES AND SEA LEVELS

We are about to look at the drastic increases in temperatures and sea levels that will alter the earth not just for centuries, but for millennia. Rob Wilder and Dan Kammen wrote an interesting commentary.

What we experienced in the latest hurricanes may well be a prelude to more monster hurricanes, Biblical rain events, and coastal inundations brought about by extreme weather and vastly higher sea levels. The higher temperatures of the oceans that cause hurricanes in the first place will not go away.

Humanity’s continuing failure to bring our enormous carbon emissions under control will have planet-altering impacts that could continue for hundreds of years.

The sea level increases we’re accustomed to seeing today — rising at 1.2 inches per decade is considerably faster than 50 years ago. The geological record indicates that seas might have risen in the distant past at truly astounding rates — one foot per decade for centuries. Nothing remotely like that has been known in recorded human history. Yet you can’t say that having happened before, that it won’t happen again.forever legacy climate change

The last two decades of the 20th century have been hottest in the last 400 years, according to climate studies, but this is only the beginning. Given current trends, keeping to the stated Paris Agreement goal of warming by no more than about 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) looks quite unlikely. Temperatures 7 to 10 degrees F hotter than today’s would wreak havoc with the oceans, agriculture, and, in the warmest parts of the world, go beyond human endurance.

 Global sea level rose about 8 inches in the last century, but this was only the beginning. Inertia in the climate system is enormous. The massive inertia in the climate system, which means changes in temperature and sea level, will go on and on long past the year 2100. If greenhouse gas emissions continue at roughly today’s levels for another century, that may mean that sea levels 500 years from now would be nearly 50 feet higher as the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets melt. That would mean losing large swaths of coastal areas worldwide. This is where the science takes us. forever legacy climate change

So what is the way out? If there were a simple path, we’d already be following it. Most countries are either, by default, choosing inaction or are moving far too slowly to make deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.

 But as renewable energy experts, we believe climate change presents opportunities: for cleaner air, new industries, job growth, and stronger economies. This is already happening in Northern Europe as renewables are simply growing much more attractive than dirty fossil fuels. And we need initial government support for clean-energy industries, as well as long-term funding for research and development on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and battery technologies.

Many solutions are well-known and are readily at hand. The first step might be enacting simple and transparent carbon taxes that begin to reflect true current and long-term costs of dumping CO2 into the atmosphere

But without large-scale coordinated action on many levels across government, academia, and the private sector including the United States, our efforts to drastically cut emissions will fall far short of what chemistry and physics demand. The atmosphere and climate do not respond to hopes or aspirations.

It’s not easy for humans to look far into the future; we are accustomed to thinking that every mistake can be undone and that the earth is unchanging. But the stakes with climate change are uniquely so high, and the damages to the planet and society so enormous, that scientists, the press, politicians, and the public need to peer one century down the road and imagine what kind of world we will be leaving to our descendants.

The geological record shows that unless we rapidly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, we will be locking in drastic increases in temperatures and sea levels that will alter the earth not just for centuries, but for millennia.

11th HOUR

  • ASTONISHING PREDICTIONS

    God divinely inspired the BIBLE . How do we know? Each of eight accurate predictions  show a high probability mathematically. The probability of one individual fulfilling eight prophecies have odds of 1 in 10 17  (1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000). Jesus Christ fulfilled all prophecies, therefore the Bible MUST BE TRUE. 

    DIVINE OR HUMAN CALIPHS

    The Old Testament indicates another 40 astonishing predictions.

    CHINA DECEASED RELATIVES

    Christianity experiences stunning growth—from approximately 3.8 million adherents in 1956 to an estimated 87 to 100 million Christians today in China.

    CHINA AND THE HOLY SPIRIT

    In the end, one Christian conversion will benefit the whole family.  The gifts of the Holy Spirit of healing and deliverance will help the whole family. A prayer of deliverance of evil spirits will leave any member of the Chinese family with a complete sense of peace immediately. A prayer of healing from a Christian disciple produces 80% healing. The remaining healing comes from continued prayer of praise and thanksgiving until all the healing is complete. This healing comes from the Holy Spirit through the power in the Name of Jesus Christ.  No other god or deity or doctor uses this power. This proves the TRUTH OF CHRISTIANITY. 

    Christianity and Hinduism Differences

    BILLIONS OF CHRISTIANS CAN’ T ALL BE WRONG!

    Christianity is not a philosophy, but it is  a relationship with God, your Creator,  in Christ TODAY. It is not knowledge of abstract principles.  How do we know this? Healing takes place TODAY in the Name of Jesus Christ. 

    GOD’S HEALING ASSURED 2

     HEALING?

     Many Christian disciples use the gift of healing.  They also use deliverance to deliver away evil spirits influencing people. These evil spirits cause depression, addictions and illness through all forms of stress.  Only the Name of Jesus Christ makes healing and deliverance possible.Chinese Religion God

    AN EXPERIMENT OF GOD’S TOUCH 2

    HOW IS JESUS STILL ALIVE TODAY?

    Jesus is alive today! He heals today (through His followers) and in many cases it is realized immediately. How else can you explain the explosion of Christianity, the world’s largest religion, on earth: 2.2 billion adherents, nearly a third (31 percent) of all 6.9 billion people on Earth. 

    Christians know and feel His Presence; they communicate with Him personally; Christian prayers are always answered.

    This author has been given the Gift of Healing only because he is a Christian Lay Missionary, who travels  two to three places every year. On his last trip to Columbia he successfully transferred his Gift to his Spanish translators, who were able to heal as he did. He has healed Muslims to their great surprise.

    He also delivers away evil spirits along with their healing. All those who are delivered from evil spirits feel a complete physical  sense of peace.

    DREAMS AND VISIONS

    God can give a message to those non-Christians to change their heart.  God knows faith will be developed eventually. God will come to you in the form of dreams or visions. So be sensitive to any dreams or visions, when you ask God for it earnestly.

    NEAR-DEATH EXPERIENCES 2

    PROOF OF HEAVEN 2

    Is the BIBLE true? 2

    HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED HOW TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN?

    god proof

    Continue reading FOREVER LEGACY OF CLIMATE CHANGE 2